From the New York Times best-selling author of Odd Girl Out, a deeply urgent audiobook that gives adults the tools to help girls in high school and college reject "supergirl" pressure, overcome a toxic stress culture, and become resilient adults with healthy, happy, and fulfilling lives. For many girls today, the drive to achieve is fueled by brutal self-criticism and an acute fear of failure. Though young women have never been more "successful" - outpacing boys in GPAs and college enrollment - they have also never struggled more. On the surface, girls may seem exceptional, but in reality, they are anxious and overwhelmed, feeling that, no matter how hard they try, they will never be smart enough, successful enough, pretty enough, thin enough, popular enough, or sexy enough. Rachel Simmons has been researching young women for two decades, and her research plainly shows that girl competence does not equal girl confidence - nor does it equal happiness, resilience, or self-worth. Backed by vivid case studies, Simmons warns that we have raised a generation of young women so focused on achieving that they avoid healthy risks, overthink setbacks, and suffer from imposter syndrome, believing they are frauds. As they spend more time projecting an image of effortless perfection on social media, these girls are prone to withdraw from the essential relationships that offer solace and support and bolster self-esteem. Deeply empathetic and meticulously researched, Enough as She Is offers a clear understanding of this devastating problem and provides practical parenting advice - including teaching girls self-compassion as an alternative to self-criticism, how to manage overthinking, resist the constant urge to compare themselves to peers, take healthy risks, navigate toxic elements of social media, prioritize self-care, and seek support when they need it. Enough as She Is sounds an alarm to parents and educators, argu 1. Language: English. Narrator: Emily Durante. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/harp/006520/bk_harp_006520_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
The UNCRC,1989, OAU 1990 and the government of Kenya in the constitution (2010) recognizes the right of every child to a standard of living adequate to its physical, mental, spiritual, moral and social development. Adequate and appropriate care to young children should be provided by caregivers since developmental deficiencies that occur during this stage are difficult to reverse. Early childhood development education centers have been accepted by contemporary societies world wide as an alternative childcare system. Research findings in Kenyan ECDE centers have identified inadequate nutrition and health support services as one of the challenges facing ECDE. Significant disparities in access to education and school enrollment exist and therefore expansion of current school feeding efforts is necessary.This book uses research based pedagogy to enlighten stake holders like the ministry of education, policy makers and interested parties on the need for financial support of the school feeding programmes to enhance learners' class participation.
Ghana School Feeding for Rural Poverty Reduction: A Qualitative Exploratory Case Study is second edition to Ghana School Feeding for Rural Poverty Reduction. The revision in title is to emphasize the scholarly orientation of the book to the academic community without compromising on its social policy appeal. The book reflects findings from the qualitative exploratory case study research into activities of the Ghana School Feeding Program (GSFP) at a designated rural community public basic school situated within the Greater Accra region of Ghana. Content analysis of data from the GSFP secretariat supported with interview data, confirmed steady improvement in school outcomes of enrollment, attendance, retention, and literacy (English Language and Mathematics test scores), and challenged realization of socioeconomic benefits of nutrition, food production, and security. Lack of community awareness and support for activities of the GSFP that undermine achievement of the objective of increased local food production and government's delayed payment to caterers were challenges identified by participants that needed to be addressed to ensure program success.
The Monograph: “Cytotoxic Lymphocytes of the Human Host. Products of the Evolving Universal Immune System.” Joseph G. Sinkovics. St. Joseph’s Hospital Cancer Institute Affiliated with the H.L. Moffitt Comprehensive Cancer Center at the University of South Florida, Departments of Medical Microbiology & Immunology, and Molecular Medicine, University of South Florida College of Medicine, Tampa, FL, USA.The German-Hungarian Publisher SchenkVerlag Campus Dialog (Pécs, Hungary, Passau, Germany: email@example.com) publishes this monograph. This presentation is an illustrated account of the monograph’s contents. Part I is devoted to molecular cell biology re-capitulating the formation of the first cells, their vertical and horizontal acquisition of new genes, using for examples extant archaea and primitive prokaryotes. A bold proposal is elaborated on the formation of the first eukaryotic nucleated cells from ancient virally mediated fusions of archaeal and prokaryotic spheroplasts. A detailed account on the evolution of viruses follows. The well preserved innate immune faculties (TLRs, chemokines, cytokines, complement, opsonins and bactericidal substances) include a detailed description of the interferons, and interfering iRNAs. The first multicellular organisms in the Cambrian sea already possessed dendritic cells and natural killer (NK) cells. Part II traces back the origin of the RAG, RSS and V(D)J genomic sequences to ancient retrotransposons entering the genomes of ancient sharks. Another original proposal is that an ancestral herpesvirus transduced the RAG genes from sea urchins to sharks, the extant EBV still operates RAG-like genomic sequences. The entire adaptive immune system consisting of NKT, CD4 and CD8 T cells and antibody-secreting plasma cells becomes functional at this level. On one side, there is a fine-tuned cooperation between the innate and adaptive immune systems. On the other side, the mammalian placenta compromised the united innate and adaptive immune system by forcing it to accept the semi-allogeneic fetus. In terms of molecular immunobiology, both the placenta (temporarily), and the malignant tumor (permanently) utilize the same mechanisms of immunosuppression in order to achieve acceptance and nurturing by the host. Part III is devoted to human tumor immunology/immunotherapy (vaccines, adoptive immune lymphocyte therapy and monoclonal antibodies). In an extraordinary chapter, the author describes the formation of a natural hybridoma between an antibody-secreting plasma cell and a lymphoma cell in the mouse, the description of this well documented and understood natural hybridoma predated by 5 years the Nobel-Prize winning discovery of Köhler & Milstein. Now the author proposes that the Sézary cell is a natural T cell hybridoma formed by the malignant mycosis fungoides T cell and a regulatory T cell. Part IV is devoted to molecular immunobiology of human autoimmune diseases. The reactivation of HER occurring during somatic hypermutations of lymphoid cells receives great attention, as budding HER particles appear in lymphoid cell involved both in lymphomagenesis and autoimmunity. Part V compares the generation of Th1- and Th2-type immune reactions of the host to exogenous pathogens (viruses, bacteria, fungi, parasites and worms) and to endogenous tumor cells. The comparison yields fascinating results. Part VI is a Concise Synopsis summarizing the most recent data from 2007-8 of molecular cell biology and immunology, epigenetic tumor cell biology, the newest results with tumor vaccines, oncolytic viruses, and adoptive therapy with immune lymphocytes. There are 16 summary Tables and 12 large illustrations (figures, plates and graphs), and the number of selected and explained up-to-date references reaches 2370.TLR = Toll-like receptors RAG = recombination activating genes RSS = recombination signal sequencesV(D)J = variable, diversity, joining EBV = Epstein-Barr virus HER =human endogenous retroviruses."PREFACE & INTRODUCTIONThe author of this volume submits this material to the reader with great personal satisfaction. All of the meanings of the word “satisfaction,” as listed in the dictionaries, apply: 1. amends and reparations (this is the opportunity to correct past mistakes), 2. the payment through penance of the temporal punishment incurred by a sin (no sin was committed, but the penance is deserved for the mistakes the author inadvertently perpetrated), 3. fulfillment of enjoyment (deprived of its own laboratory, in reading the reports published from other laboratories, the author felt as if the whole world of medical research were working for his pleasure), 4. compensation for a loss, or injury (losses and injuries occurred unjustifiably and plenteously to this author). However, he feels the rising of a warm contact between him and the readers, as the readers’ sincere interest in his works compensates him now for all his losses and injuries of the past. The author reports with great elation that he has enjoyed his work, weather it was compensated or not. He was not subdued and eliminated, he preserved his faculties, so that he is able to submit this report to the readers. His intentions are to render a service to those, who work in the laboratories, in the clinics and in the hospitals, and simply do not have the time to absorb up the outpour of countless reports on new developments in research on virology and immunology. He wishes to entertain those, who appreciate the fascination that new discoveries engender in our minds. The young investigators, who are working towards their PhD and/or MD degrees, in reading this book, may recognize the directions that will be most attractive to them for their further advancement. To them the author advises restrains with their own new discoveries: if you are just two or three years ahead of the front line, you may be recognized and shall eventually be rewarded. If you are five to ten years ahead of the front line, you will be ridiculed, dismissed and even your grant support may be canceled. Do your best to survive until somebody re-discovers your original discovery, and hope that then you will still be remembered. The first draft of this manuscript was prepared at the very end of 2006 and early in 2007. Then there was a waiting period in search of a publisher. The publisher of this manuscript was expected to accept some deviations from the “norms”. These are some personal comments of the author defying the customary rigid scientific style of monographs and textbooks, the preference of the author to cite from the rich, but often unrecognized Hungarian scientific literature, and the author’s elaborate explanatory legends under the illustrations, some of which are of true historical value. From the publisher’s part, willingness to republish illustrations and data from the pre-digital, pre-electronic era, and unusual expertise to accommodate the author’s elaborate tables written in a telegraphic style, was required. It was the editor-in-chief of the Dialog Campus Publisher at Pécs and Budapest, Hungary, and Schenk Verlag, Passau, Germany, Mr. János Schenk, who had the courage, the vision, and the knowledge as to how to print and publish this book. One of the publisher’s last volumes, the monumental Népegészségügyi Orvostan, edited by Professor István Ember, stood for itself as a testimony and proof for the publisher’s expertise in releasing art and science combined in a superb format. At this point in late 2007 and early 2008, the Concise Synopsis with up-dated references was added to the manuscript. The author is grateful to Mr. Schenk and his staff, co-workers for their extraordinary attention to, and talent in, successfully resolving the problems, with which the format and the outward aspects and appearance of this book challenged them. In the text the reader finds the literature citations in squared parentheses. In rounded parentheses in bold numbers are the cross references: if a subject matter is discussed at several separate sites, those could easily be located by looking them up, as the given chapter numbers so indicate. References to Figures and Tables are also in bold in rounded parentheses.The author wishes to dedicate this book with profound gratitude to the memory of his mother, Mária. She was the one who enrolled him, her young son József, in the medical school in Budapest in 1942-3, and stood in line with the young students to validate all the required classes in the curriculum. Her hand-writing to this effect is shown in the author’s first year enrollment student book, the Index (see in the Figure), and she paid the tuition for the first year. This act of the caring and loving mother gave her rebellious son a life-time devotion: a full time engagement in medical research and in the practice of medicine.Sincerely, Joseph G. Sinkovics"
The Government of Ghana through its Free Compulsory Universal Basic Education policy has implemented several laudable initiatives that have increased enrollment at the basic level of education. Enrolling children in school, however, does not necessarily guarantee their stay in school and completion of basic education. Using Bronfenbrenner s ecological theory, this book examines micro to macro level factors that affect young people s capacity to stay in school. Young people's experiences with school indicate that the attainment of basic education requires the active support of parents and communities, in addition to improvements in school quality through the provision of adequate school infrastructure, teaching and learning materials and the enhancement of the emotional climate of schools. Furthermore, helping young people build personal resilience can aid in overcoming social and economic pressures that pose a hindrance to their stay in school. Although this book draws on experiences from Ghana, lessons can be applied to countries struggling to achieve the United Nations' Education For All goals.
An Assessment of the effect of Ireland Aid to Primary Education in Eastern Zone of Tigrai, Ethiopia is a comprehensive study based on fieldwork, review of both the scholarly literature on the subject and donors' experience. The publication provides an overview of educational aid assistance and it effectiveness in developing countries and the challenges faced at the grass root level. It is evidenced that basic education ought to be the priority for public spending on education in those countries that have yet to achieve near-universal enrollment at the primary and lower secondary levels The author discusses strategies for improving aid effectiveness to primary education. He begin with devotion and competence of the responsible bodies, focus to human resource development, flexible aid support to different local conditions and not tied, participation of local community in the identification, planning and implementation of education projects. The publication concludes that the assistance of Ireland Aid had meaningful impact on increasing access, equity, and on other improvements in the quality of education as opposed to some donor experiences in developing countries.
The serious shortage of qualified nurses and nursing faculty has led many nursing programs to adopt and increase the use of distance educational technology. Distance learning courses allow institutions to increase enrollment, thereby potentially increasing the number of future nurses. However, technology will not automatically help to counter the current nursing and nursing faculty shortages. It must be used effectively. As the use of technology increases, nursing programs must continually evaluate the educational experiences of both students and faculty and seek ways to improve delivery of instruction. Bandura''s (1986) Social Cognitive Theory may help in these endeavors. This book will apply Social Cognitive Theory to understanding nursing students'' perceptions of learning in one specific distance learning context as these perceptions were influenced by the learning environment, the instructors, the facilitators, and support personnel. In doing so, this book will explore ways to potentially increase the quality and effectiveness of the nursing students'' learning environment.