Enrollment and Education Quality: Experiences from Kenya ab 54.9 € als Taschenbuch: . Aus dem Bereich: Bücher, Ratgeber, Lebenshilfe,
Enrollment and Education Quality: Experiences from Kenya ab 54.9 EURO
University education in Sub-Saharan Africa was for a long time a preserve of some selected few who managed to pass highly. The competitive nature of the examinations locked out many candidates from pursuing University education. The emergence of Private Universities has provided a reprieve. Students who qualify but fail to get admission into Public Universities join Private Universities. The book explores expansion of Private Universities and its implication on Student characteristics, access factors, quality and completion rate. Using Kenya as a case, the study established that the minimum entry qualifications of students admitted was a C+ in secondary examinations and more females (58.23%) than males (41.77%) were enrolled. Majority (67.82%) of them were not married and most Students (52.47%) were below 24 years of age. Most students were enrolled in the faculties of education, business and computing science which accounted for over 70% of total enrollment. Factors that influenced access were: Newspaper advertisements, reasonable cost of the programs and strict graduation schedules.However, private universities should improve on provision of facilities and infrastructure.
Since the second half of the 20th century, some 'change forces' have caused the transformation of society,many of its institutionalized services, and the global socioeconomic interactions.One of these institutions has been higher education. Higher education has under gone changes in governance, enrollment, funding,new style of competition, quality, and missions. The new scenario has raised new concerns about the importance of tertiary education in the enhancement of the socio-economic, political and cultural status of both individuals and societies. These developments coupled with the so-called globalization have necessitated mass enrollment in higher education, where governments were unable or unwilling to fund higher education as before.The overall development finally gave way to the introduction of higher education cost sharing. This book is merely focusing on the experiences of developing countries in implementing the policy of cost sharing in higher education funding.
This study examines the Impact of Mutual Health Insurance on Access and Quality of Health Care for the Rural Poor in Ghana. Using household surveys and focus group discussions, the study establishes that Mutual Health Insurance improves the poor's access to health care as the insured use nearly 3 times of health facilities more than the uninsured. The insured equally pay relatively lower out-of-pocket fees than the uninsured at the point of demanding health care. The household surveys do not find any differences on the perceptions about the quality of health care between the insured and uninsured but evidence from the focus group discussions seem to suggest that the uninsured are more satisfied with the quality of health they receive than the insured. The enrollment of the poorest of the poor is not automatic in Mutual Health Insurance. The poorest segment of the community risk being excluded because they cannot afford the insurance premiums. It is recommended that subsidising insurance premiums for the poorest of the poor could enable them enroll in Mutual Health Insurance thereby improving their access to health care.
As enrollment of minority students and recruitment of minority faculty in higher education increase, opportunities for students to interact with racially and ethnically different faculty will become more frequent and pronounced. Also, there may be expectations that these interactions will produce greater educational gains and sensitivity to racial issues. A quantitative research methodology was employed to measure the nature of the student-faculty interactions across race and to explore factors that influence undergraduate students GPA and multicultural perceptions in order to identify ways in which student-faculty interactions might better serve the students.Data collection consisted of surveying students and faculty members via email. The researcher found that only the quality of student-faculty interactions, which belongs to the quality of interactions, had a positive impact on students GPA (.06) and their multicultural perceptions (.18). A better understanding of factors influencing students GPA and multicultural perceptions would be beneficial for both teachers and undergraduate students at VCU.
Until the year 2000, there were only two universities in Ethiopia. Realizing the role that higher education can play in the economic growth of the country, the current government gave due emphasis to its development. Expansion of public higher educational institutions and encouraging private providers to invest in the sector are among the major reforms made in the system. Though there is an increase in the gross enrollment due to various reforms made in the higher education system of the country, improving the quality remains a challenge. Unless this expansion is supported by sound quality assurance mechanism, it is quite difficult to achieve the intended outcome. Many scholars believe that maintaining and enhancing the quality of higher education is largely on the hands of the institutions themselves. Because of this reason the scholars highly encourage higher educational institutions to establish strong internal quality assurance mechanism within their own institutions so that they can regularly assess and ensure the quality of their own provision. This book discloses the state of internal quality assurance in one of the public universities in Ethiopia, Adama University.
The Government of Ghana through its Free Compulsory Universal Basic Education policy has implemented several laudable initiatives that have increased enrollment at the basic level of education. Enrolling children in school, however, does not necessarily guarantee their stay in school and completion of basic education. Using Bronfenbrenner s ecological theory, this book examines micro to macro level factors that affect young people s capacity to stay in school. Young people's experiences with school indicate that the attainment of basic education requires the active support of parents and communities, in addition to improvements in school quality through the provision of adequate school infrastructure, teaching and learning materials and the enhancement of the emotional climate of schools. Furthermore, helping young people build personal resilience can aid in overcoming social and economic pressures that pose a hindrance to their stay in school. Although this book draws on experiences from Ghana, lessons can be applied to countries struggling to achieve the United Nations' Education For All goals.
The study was conducted at national level and data was gathered from all four provinces of Pakistan.The major purpose of the study was to investigate the nature and extent of the contribution of private sector in the development of primary education in Pakistan.The main objectives of the study were to prioritize the problems faced by the private sector, to find out grass root level data regarding enrollment at primary level, and to find out quality of education provided by the private sector. THe study helped in finding the enrollment of both male and female students of sample cities of all provinces of Pakistan. Data regarding school management, school organization,category of school, physical faclities and academic situation of private sector was gathered from private sector. The study also helped to find out the problems faced by the private sector and measures to improve the standard of primary education in Pakistan.