This book throws light on issues surrounding student recruitment at one of Africa s once flourishing institution of learning, the University of Zimbabwe. Recently, the University was confronted with problems such as lack of water and electricity and financial resources. Confronting and solving problems is a painful process. However, greater pain and inability to remain open came to the forefront in 2008. This affected a lot of students psychologically. Drawing heavily on his own professional experience, Professor Fred Zindi, a practicing educational psychologist, suggests here ways in which issues such as gender equality, curriculum change, and mature student enrolment methods can enable the reader to reach a higher understanding of policies that are in place at the University of Zimbabwe. Issues affecting student enrolment at the University of Zimbabwe is a must-read for scholars, politicians and educationists.
As enrollment of minority students and recruitment of minority faculty in higher education increase, opportunities for students to interact with racially and ethnically different faculty will become more frequent and pronounced. Also, there may be expectations that these interactions will produce greater educational gains and sensitivity to racial issues. A quantitative research methodology was employed to measure the nature of the student-faculty interactions across race and to explore factors that influence undergraduate students GPA and multicultural perceptions in order to identify ways in which student-faculty interactions might better serve the students.Data collection consisted of surveying students and faculty members via email. The researcher found that only the quality of student-faculty interactions, which belongs to the quality of interactions, had a positive impact on students GPA (.06) and their multicultural perceptions (.18). A better understanding of factors influencing students GPA and multicultural perceptions would be beneficial for both teachers and undergraduate students at VCU.
This book addresses the demographic transition potential in Ethiopia and the possibility of capturing the demographic dividend, and suggests mechanisms to facilitate this possible opportunity. It is based on the Spectrum Projection Model covering the period from 1994 to 2050. The age structure of the Ethiopian population has remained youthful for along time now, but with recent incipient fertility decline expected to be expediting, Ethiopia s demographic profile will see considerable shift in the next four decades. Education and employment indicators witness that despite some improvements in past years, there still are huge unemployment rate and low secondary school enrollment as well as wide gender disparity both in secondary education and formal employment. Projections under different scenarios reveal that fertility plays important role to reap the demographic dividend. Thus it will determine Ethiopia s future development course including its prospect of joining Middle Income Countries, urging the Government of Ethiopia to reconsider its long standing negligence to population issues in the country. The book is meant for policy makers, researchers and experts in this area.
Higher education finance is one of the main issues in the economic analysis of higher education systems. This book explores the basic theoretical foundations of cost sharing and the different forms of implementing it in higher education. The book also puts forth the relevance of the political and socio-economic context for the relative success of the adoption of cost-sharing. These aspects are analyzed by focusing in the Ethiopian higher education system, a system characterized by an elite enrollment pattern, since it has traditionally excluded the majority of potential students who could join the system and therefore contribute to the development of the country. The Ethiopian system has been facing a number of challenges throughout its recent history, and financing the sector is certainly one of the major ones. Cost sharing is one of the main policy changes and has been adopted in 2003 to meet a specific set of objectives. This book discusses the challenges and prospects of cost sharing in Ethiopia.
Throughout the process of an evolving educational system, student achievement has been impacted by the demands of accreditation. Accreditation standards often have been driven by accountability and reform movements, which are dictated and guided by educational law and policy. The criteria by which educational systems have been evaluated has been modified in response to the formulation of new policies and laws. This research consists of comparing the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools accreditation processes with those of the Association of Christian Schools International. Criterion-based accreditation models are compared to open-ended systems. Student performance trends and issues include assessment and accountability, dropout and graduation rates, academic readiness for higher education, standardized testing, grade inflation, dual enrollment, advanced placement, and historical averages of the SAT and ACT. The Impact of Significant Shifts is a book that traces the historical events, educational trends, and legislative policies that have impacted accreditation processes and influenced student performance.
Revision with unchanged content. Remittances (what migrants send back to their home countries) are important not only for the families who receive them but also for the poorest developing countries. This book develops an Overlapping Generations model of households with residences in two countries to explore how remittances may be saved for retirement, used to finance investment in housing, schooling, or for consumption. The book uses the estimation framework of Gruben and McLeod (1998), and Mody and Murshid (2002) to study the impact of remittances on Gross National Savings, Investment, and on school enrollments. The results appear to be consistent with the model as, for example, it is shown that Remittances positively although differently affect the primary and secondary school enrollment of boys and girls. The conclusion discusses the new ways of measuring remittances and explores how social remittances can have an impact in local community development. Students of development issues and policies will find the topic of remittances interesting and appealing, those interested in gender issues in developing countries will find the results presented in this book both encouraging and challenging.