Determinants of Female enrollment and achievement in primary education ab 58.99 € als Taschenbuch: Factors affecting female enrollment and achievement in primary education the case of Kombolcha Woreda eastern Hararghe Zone Oromia region Ethiopia. Aus dem Bereich: Bücher, Schule & Lernen,
Determinants of Female enrollment and achievement in primary education ab 58.99 EURO Factors affecting female enrollment and achievement in primary education the case of Kombolcha Woreda eastern Hararghe Zone Oromia region Ethiopia
Engineering has continued to remain one of the most male dominated professions in the world. Gender-balance, on the other hand, is desirable, as it brings diversity of the engineering workforce, and social equity. Equity, however, does not just mean an equal number of women and men, it means equal chances of success and career opportunities and development. The progressive and persistent problem of female imbalance in Engineering education is a complex historical, cultural, and organisational one, for which there is no single solution. This book illustrates an interesting phenomenon, which could be one of the major contributing factors to female under-representation in engineering education. This phenomenon happens when redundant stereotypical perception about Engineering and very persistent out-dated Gender stereotype meet head-to-head. Logically, in order to attract much more females into engineering, both stereotypes should be changed. Increasing female enrollment numbers in Engineering is not supposed to be an ultimate goal, as it might appear. Freedom of choice of future careers is, though, paramount. The book targets Engineers, educationalists, Feminists, policy makers, etc.
Using data from a NIDA-funded study that randomly assigned female substance users to one of three intervention groups, this work stratified crack cocaine using women into groups according to criminal justice history: 1) St. Louis Female Drug Court referred, 2) community recruited with lifetime arrest, and 3) community recruited with no lifetime arrest history. Analyses focused on determining whether women differed on health and behavioral risk factors upon enrollment, whether the enhanced interventions were more effective than the NIDA standard at reducing high-risk drug use and sexual behaviors post-intervention, and whether drug use behaviors changed with greater frequency than sexual risk behaviors, in response to the HIV intervention between baseline, 4 and 12 month follow-up interviews. Findings are presented in detail and, overall, confirm that cocaine using women can change high-risk behaviors, although further efforts to tailor interventions are necessary.
The UN Millennium development declaration, which incorporated the goal of achieving universal access to primary education, is the current existing opportunity for children in developing countries. The Ethiopian government is committed to achieve universal access to primary education by 2015.As a result, the country has experienced dramatic increase in primary school enrollment since 1994.However, despite such tremendous achievement in enrollments, the study by the world Bank (2005) revealed that in the absence of concerted effort and additional interventions, attaining universal primary education by 2015 is beyond the reach of Ethiopia. Among other things, the bank suggested for additional interventions to be made in urban areas in relation to reducing pupil-teacher ratio, increasing the deployment of female teachers, improving the school infrastructural development and social protection programs. With this background and by taking into account the involvement of NGOs into economic and social life of the country since the 20th century, this study has assessed the assistance made by NGOs to primary school completion in Addis Ababa.
Since independence, many nations in Sub-Saharan Africa have undertaken huge steps in expanding formal education. In many countries, free primary education has substantially increased both male and female enrollment rates to 82% and 70% respectively (1998 estimates). In contrast, the respective figures for secondary education enrollment rates are 29% and 24%. This is also accompanied by a growing disillusionment among political spheres regarding the actual benefits of a formal education. In order to decipher the intricacies of education enrollment and aid policy makers, this paper examines the responsiveness of female and male school enrollment rates to income and price in a sample of countries in Sub-Saharan Africa using 1970 to 1995 data. A cross comparison between the Sub-Saharan Africa sample and the world indicates similar responses to enrollments with respect to changing incomes and prices.
Alarming to many academics is that while the numbers of female students in Science, Engineering, and Mathematics departments have shown increases in enrollment over the past decades, the number of female profesionals in the field have decreased. The environmental perceptions that contribute to, and foster retention of students will guide the formulation of specific interventions and retention approaches, both in and out of the classroom.
This phenomenological research examined sources available to students for funding education and their experiences within the six Ghanaian public universities. The research examined students use of social networks in social capital formation to meet challenges of cost sharing. It used qualitative methodology of structured, semi-structured, and open- ended in-depth interviews to collect data from 44 students and three administrators. Documents from the universities, Ministry of Education, GET Fund, and the Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning were analyzed. Findings indicated that a number of qualified students could not have access to university education because of lack of funding. Students from lower-socioeconomic families were mostly affected. Government was gradually shifting more responsibilities of funding higher education to parents. Female students faced cultural factors that limited their access to higher education. Enrollment and accommodation policies as well as loans processing requirements needed close monitoring and evaluation.
The study was conducted at national level and data was gathered from all four provinces of Pakistan.The major purpose of the study was to investigate the nature and extent of the contribution of private sector in the development of primary education in Pakistan.The main objectives of the study were to prioritize the problems faced by the private sector, to find out grass root level data regarding enrollment at primary level, and to find out quality of education provided by the private sector. THe study helped in finding the enrollment of both male and female students of sample cities of all provinces of Pakistan. Data regarding school management, school organization,category of school, physical faclities and academic situation of private sector was gathered from private sector. The study also helped to find out the problems faced by the private sector and measures to improve the standard of primary education in Pakistan.